Altering Awareness Through Drugs

 Essay on Altering Intelligence Through Medicines

Chapter a few

Altering Mind through Prescription drugs

Psychoactive substances= drugs which may have psychological results such as arousal or distortion of awareness.

Stimulant=a drug that _________ the activity from the nervous program. Stimulants elevate mood, increase feelings of well-being, and increase energy and alertness.

cocaine=

crack cocaine=

amphetamines=

Methamphetamine=

nicotine=

Tobacco makes up more deaths in the U. S. than the combined total of alcohol, illicit medications, firearms, automobile accidents, suicides, homicides, and ASSISTS combined according to a 1999 study pointed out in your book.

MDMA sama dengan

Depressant=a medicine that _______ the rate of activity of the nervous program

Alcohol=

Opiates=

Prescription narcotics:

Category I= drugs intended for _______ soreness (Dilaudid, Demerol, Fentanyl, Methadone) Category II= drugs to get ___________ pain (codeine, Percodan, Percocet, hydrocodone: Vicodin, Lortab) Category III= drugs to get ______ to moderate pain (Darvon, Darvocet) Cannabis=

Sedatives=

Barbiturates=

Solvents and inhalants=

Most used drug in United States between high school seniors

(See graph 5. 4) pg 208

1 . alcohol1. alcohol

2 . marijuana 2 . cigarettes

3. cigarettes three or more. marijuana

" Triggers” sama dengan ____________ -- a look, a sound, a smell, a feeling -- that reminds someone of past medication or alcoholic beverages experiences and inspires cravings.

Substance Abuse: American Psychiatric Affiliation defines is as: a ____________consisting of prolonged use of a substance even though it is triggering or increasing problems in meeting the demands of lifestyle.

The Analysis and Statistical Manual-IV (DSM-IV) defines misuse as: A maladaptive pattern of compound use leading to clinically significant impairment or perhaps distress, since manifested by simply ___________ of the following, occurring _____________________. (see chart in next page) Most often, mistreatment is clinically diagnosed in people who recently started out using alcohol. Over time, maltreatment may improvement to dependence. However , several alcohol users abuse alcoholic beverages for very long periods without producing dependence.

Element Dependence: much more severe, having both _________ and __________ components. DSM-IV defines dependence as: A maladaptive style of substance use, bringing about clinically significant impairment or distress, since manifested simply by ________ from the following, occurring at any time __________________: (see graph on subsequent page) [DSM-IV, Analysis and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, ed. 4. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association (AMA). 1994. ] Risk signs in substance use:

Craving – A strong ____ or_____ to use

Loss of control – Not being able to _____ use once it has begun Physical dependence – Withdrawal symptoms.

Tolerance – The need to consume ______ numbers of drug to get accomplish _____ effects •a requirement of markedly _______amounts of the compound to achieve intoxication or wanted effect

•markedly ________ impact with continued use of the same amount of substance

Causes of Drug abuse and Dependence:

Usually begins with trial and error use like a teen.

The average age once youth initially try alcohol is:

____ years for boys

____ years for girls. The standard age at which Americans get started drinking on a regular basis is _____ years old.

| | | |Dependence |Abuse...

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